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A comprehensive federally-funded case study conducted at a New York domestic violence court found that -- from arrest to two years post-release -- an incredible 62% of defendants were rearrested.

--Nora K. Puffett and Chandra Gavin, Predictors of Program Outcome & Recidivism at the Bronx Misdemeanor Domestic Violence Court, Center for Court Innovation (April 2004). *

* Available at: pdf/predictors_bronx_dv.pdf

Model Forms

A form developed by former judge Mike Brigner for use in setting bail in domestic violence cases. The form entry incorporates the risk assessment requirements of Ohio's "Amy's Law," adopted in 2005.

DANGER ASSESSMENT FORM: The most recent danger assessment form for factors associated with increased risk of homicides of women and men in violent relationships, developed by leading researcher, Dr. Jacqueline Campbell, associate dean of the Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing.

PRE-TRIAL RELEASE - DANGEROUSNESS DETERMINATIONS: Release conditions for domestic violence defendants in five categories, ranging from low risk to high risk. From St. Louis County, MN, Case Processing of Misdemeanor Domestic Violence Cases: Arraignment to Sentencing Progress Report on Implementation of Safety Audit Recommendations from Year 1, in Appendices.

LETHALITY FACTOR CHECKLIST: Risk factors arranged in eight categories, from Mike Brigner, Ohio Domestic Violence Benchbook for Judges and Magistrates, at page 65.

Additional Resources

OHIO TEXT: Ronald B. Adrine and Alexandria M. Ruden, Baldwin's Ohio Handbook Series, Ohio Domestic Violence Law (2005), Thomson West, Cleveland (

OHIO BENCHBOOK: Mike Brigner, J.D., Ohio Domestic Violence Benchbook for Judges and Magistrates. Includes sections on Criminal Courts and Lethality Factors. Available online.

NEW MEXICO BENCHBOOK: Though somewhat state-specific, contains excellent summary of bail processes in domestic violence cases. New Mexico Domestic Violence Benchbook, Chapter 9: Conditional PreTrial Release (2005). Available online.